Saturday, March 31, 2012
Do you think that the rest of MoCo should look like Bethesda or Chevy Chase?
Here is a list of upcoming planning board meetings. Come find out what is planned in your neighborhood!
And who knows whether, as an added bonus, you get to meet Rollin Stanley too!
From: Montgomery County Planning Department, Zoning Code Rewrite Team <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, Mar 29, 2012 at 3:35 PM
Subject: Zoning Rewrite Project Open Houses
Attend one of six open houses scheduled around Montgomery County in April and early May to learn more about the project. At the open house meetings, attendees can view graphics and other materials that explain what's being considered, such as potentially reducing the number of zones and how new zones might apply in communities.
Participants at each open house will see exactly how what's proposed applies to their neighborhood. Each meeting will provide information on six different master plan areas. To see what master plan area applies to your property, go to
5-8 p.m. Tuesday, April 10 Park and Planning Headquarters
8787 Georgia Avenue, Silver Spring
Master plans: Capitol View, East Silver Spring, Forest Glen, Four Corners, North & West Silver Spring, Silver Spring Central Business District, Takoma Park
5-8 p.m. Thursday, April 12
Eastern County Regional Services Center
3300 Briggs Chaney Rd, Silver Spring
Master plans: Cloverly, Fairland, Kemp Mill, Sandy Spring/Ashton, White Oak
5-8 p.m. Monday, April 16Bethesda-Chevy Chase Regional Services Center
4805 Edgemoor Lane, Bethesda
Master plans: Bethesda Central Business District, Bethesda-Chevy Chase, Friendship Heights Central Business District, North Bethesda/Garrett Park, Potomac Subregion, Westbard, Woodmont Triangle
5-8 p.m. Monday, April 23Upcounty Regional Services Center
12900 Middlebrook Road, Suite 1000, Germantown
Master plans: Agricultural & Rural Open Space, Boyds, Clarksburg, Damascus, Germantown (1989 and 2009)
5-8 p.m. Tuesday, April 24Wheaton Regional Library
11701 Georgia Avenue, Wheaton
Master plans: Aspen Hill, Kensington/Wheaton, Olney, Upper Rock Creek, Wheaton Central Business District
5-8 p.m. Tuesday, May 1
Rockville Memorial Library, 2nd floor
21 Maryland Avenue, Rockville
Master plans: Gaithersburg & Vicinity, Great Seneca Science Corridor, Shady Grove, Twinbrook, White Flint
Here's the comparison:
Montgomery County Department of Economic Development
Annual Budget: $6.25Million
Previous Annual Budget: $6.68Million
Percent Change: -6.56%
Date fiscal year ends: June 30, 2012
Jobs created in last Fiscal Year: 556
Senior Local Executive: Steve Silverman, Director
Fairfax County Economic Development Authority
Annual Budget: $7.05Million
Previous Annual Budget: $6.8Million
Percent Change: 3.68%
Date fiscal year ends: June 30, 2012
Jobs created in last fiscal year: 8,765
Senior Local Executive: Gerald L. Gordon, President and CEO
Prince George's County Economic Development Corporation
Annual Budget: $7.54Million
Previous Annual Budget: $9.83Million
Percent Change: -23.23%
Date fiscal year ends: June 30, 2012
Jobs created in last fiscal year: 1,191
Senior Local Executive: Gwen S. McCall, President and CEO
Friday, March 30, 2012
Friday, March 30th - 9 PM
Saturday, March 31st - 11 AM
Sunday, April 1st - 8 PM
Monday, April 2nd - 9 PM
and then will be available on the MCM On Demand site.
Individual Candidate Videos available here.
The bill comes weeks after Sen. Ulysses Currie, D-Prince George’s, was censured by his colleagues for ethics violations and as new concerns are raised over Senate Majority Leader Rob Garagiola’s failure to disclose income he earned as a lobbyist.
Sen. Jamie Raskin, D-Montgomery, who is chair of the Special Committee on Ethics Reform created in January and is the sponsor of the bill, said Maryland is a leader in ethics reform but lags when it comes to Internet disclosure.
“All of the financial and ethics disclosure materials that we have are public information, but that’s really more theoretical than real,” said Raskin.
Currently, anyone seeking such documents has to travel to an Annapolis office during business hours to view those documents.
Michael Lord, executive director of State Ethics Commission, testified that by mandating electronic disclosures the bill would accomplish what the commission has been attempting to do since 2005.
Here's a copy of this bill. Take a look -- and see who isn't covered under this ethics online bill: "providing that municipal corporations and boards of education are not required to post financial disclosure information on the Internet or to require that financial disclosure statements be filed electronically;" Because why should a public, taxpayer-funded agency that spends over $2Billion each year be subject to an ethics law?
March 30, 2012
A forum for the At Large and District 2 Montgomery County Board of Education candidates was on held March 26, sponsored by The League of Women Voters of Montgomery County and the American Association of University Women; and for District 2 candidates on March 29, sponsored by The Rockville Community Coalition, in cooperation with The League of Women Voters of Montgomery County and The Unitarian Universalist Church of Rockville. This is a summary of the candidates’ statements.
I am impressed and somewhat alarmed at the media blitz financed by the MSEA and the HCEA promoting their candidates for the Howard County Board of Education. Given that it is the Board of Education who negotiates our teachers, salary, benefits and pensions (that will soon be correctly our obligation, not the state's, to fund), am I the only one who sees a fox guarding the henhouse issue here?The Baltimore Sun, Letter to the Editor: March 29, 2012
Given the next board may be making some very tough choices requiring that school funding be reduced so as to fund the obligations to the pension fund, I would prefer members with no particular allegiance...
[Board of Education member] Dyer said that he was uncomfortable with the secrecy surrounding the search.
"I felt like I was covered with slime participating in the last part," said Dyer, who told Patch that in recent weeks school board members interviewed superintendent candidates across county lines, where they were instructed not to wear name tags.
“We spent time in no-tell motels and things like that interviewing these candidates," said Dyer...
...Transparency has been a hot-button issue in Elkridge—a community with which the school board has refused to share information about school sites—and with the board as a whole.Dyer has filed suit over what he alleges are the board's violations of open meeting laws, and last month, the board attempted to exclude a member from participating in a meeting over the phone.PATCH: School Board Hopefuls Question Superintendent Search
As far as transparency in the superintendent search, there was more public participation in the past, according to school board candidate Mary Jo Neil, who has served on the PTA for Maryland, Howard County and West Friendship Elementary School.
“Several years ago...we did actually have a little different process,” said Neil, referencing the 2000 search that resulted in the appointment of superintendent John O'Rourke. "We did have some more time to vet the candidate. I wish we had that opportunity this time."
Sen. James Brochin called me this morning to tell me a story and to express his concern about the way the search for Baltimore County superintendent was handled.
Brochin said he had lunch at BlueStone in Timonium about six months ago with the school board president and vice-president and urged them to include parents and advocates as part of the search team. Given the problems in communication and the issues that had emerged in the past year, Brochin said, he told the board they should be particularly sensitive to making sure the public was part of the process.
That is exactly what did not happen, he said. "I am just flabbergasted....I went way out of my way to ensure that things wouldn't turn out like this." When asked if the board should have delayed the process if they felt they were in competition with Howard County, Brochin said he "can't believe that no one else was of equal caliber that this had to be done so quickly."
Thursday, March 29, 2012
2. MCPS has minority contracting goals—we want more business to flow to people of color. Currently, do you believe the practice of awarding non-bid contracts supports these goals? What would you do to make MCPS always use a fair and open bidding process?
3. Do you suppport a U turn away from a one-size-fits-all education and restoring and improving wider choice of education opportunities for our children, including restoring learning centers for special education students, restoring honors classes, and restoring non-IT vocational education?
4. Do you support requiring new initiatives and new curriculum be required to undergo a legitimate pilot study that meets the minimum standards from the U.S. Department of Education for reasonable evidence before deploying to the whole county? Do you support assessing all new initiatives against the minimum U.S. Department of Education standard of "what works"?
6. Do you support a U turn from current policy of paying attorneys for advice on how to skirt the Maryland Open Meetings Act to a policy of full compliance with the Act and spirit of the law of open meetings, and even going beyond the legal requirements of the Act?
8. Do you believe that the MCPS Educational Foundation should be transparent in its sources of funds and its expenditures?* yes
The video below is of the March 8, 2012, House Ways and Means Committee Public Hearing on House Bill 596. The public hearing begins with Delegate Anne Kaiser explaining her 3rd version of this bill since the bill was first introduced just 32 days prior.
For all blog posts on HB 596, please click here.
Minute index of public hearing video:
0:50 Delegate Anne Kaiser submitted written public comment
2:00 Kaiser: "finding a little bit of relief on the professionals side"
2:50 Kaiser: "not doing bill that way, we are doing bill it this way"..."what I have to tell you is that we are even going another route, once again"..."I apologize for that"...
4:00 Kaiser: "the letter you would have received from me a few weeks ago" (letter about amending bill to change window for reports around holidays)
4:45 Kaiser: "I've since learned we can't do that in terms of the federal law"...
5:05 Kaiser: ..."The changes that I am recommending would only impact the side of the school professional...no impact on parents...process smoother for those professionals..."
8:50 Kaiser: "...parents always have the right with IEP meetings to cancel and reschedule..." " a parent might say... "that's [speech therapist report] coming two days later? I can wait. That's fine. I'm still fine and ready for the meeting""...
9:15 Kaiser: "problems with IEP process in general"..."incredible under staffing of [staff] in schools"...
10:20 Kaiser: "...hope that this finds a balance in making life easier for our school professionals without adding any added burden to our parents..."
Questions from Delegates for Delegate Kaiser. [Good discussion - worth listening]
16:25 Delegate Glass: "...parents want more time not less time"
19:00 Joshua Rubin, teacher in MCPS
24:50 Amy Maloney, Maryland State Education Association (MSEA) [5 day rule and difficulties - 2,000 e-mails]
30:35 Bill Fluke, Maryland School Psychologists Association "...good idea to go back from 5 business to 5 calendar..."
35:39 Lauren Kallins, Maryland Disability Law Center
Not sure who to cast your vote for? Go here to see the debate.
It will also be shown on Montgomery Cable at these times:
Thursday, March 29, 7 p.m.
Friday, March 30, 1 a.m.
Saturday, March 31, 9 p.m.
Sunday, April 1, 1 p.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Monday, April 2, 2:30 p.m. and 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday, April 3, 12 p.m.
Read more: http://marylandreporter.com/2012/03/27/full-video-coverage-6th-district-democrats-answer-questions-on-a-dozen-topics/#ixzz1qTSpDjE5 Under Creative Commons License: Attribution
Wednesday, March 28, 2012
Support. I believe school choice and program choice and student-led learning all contribute to a quality learning process. The record of MCPS achievement scores makes it clear that the current MCPS model of education fails to support the academic success of more than 2/3 of our students. We must fit programs to students, not students to programs.
Support. DOE's "What Works" is one of a number of best practice standards that should be adopted for practice and performance review throughout MCPS. Performance at all MCPS schools should be held against objective best practice standards.
Board of Education District 002 Candidates
Byrne, Susan (no report found to date)
Smondrowski, Rebecca (no report found to date)
While Maryland law says that a public school system Board of Education is to "prepare" the school systems budget, we know that here in Montgomery County that doesn't happen. The MCPS budget is prepared by a committee that meets in secret, off camera and without notice to the public.
We have known about the existence of the secret budget meetings for years. In August of 2009, the teacher's union president announced he was attending the secret budget meetings. In May of 2011, Superintendent Jerry Weast thanked the secret committee for their hundreds of hours of work on the MCPS budget.
This is the first time that the public has seen an Agenda for these meetings.
Below are the Agendas for the meetings that were held to prepare the FY 2013 MCPS Operating Budget. According to these documents, meetings were held on September 15, 2011; September 22, 2011; September 27, 2011; October 4, 2011; October 6, 2011; October 12, 2011; October 14, 2011; and October 18, 2011.
In attendance at these meetings were MCPS staff, Union leaders and MCCPTA officers.
Wonder what went on at these meetings? What budget decisions were made? What did MCCPTA advocate for? What trade offs were made?
According to MCPS Public Information Officer Dana Tofig, no minutes were taken at any of these meetings, so this is all the public can know about what took place at these meetings.
PEAR = PROGRAM EFFICIENCY, ABANDONMENT, AND REDIRECTION
Here's what Maryland law says about the role of the Board of Education.
DIVISION II. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION
TITLE 5. FINANCING
SUBTITLE 1. BUDGET AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS
Md. EDUCATION Code Ann. § 5-101 (2012)
(a) Preparation of annual budget. --
(1) Subject to the rules and regulations of the State Board and with the advice of the county superintendent, each county board shall prepare an annual budget according to:
(i) The major categories listed in this section; and
(ii) Any other major category required by the State Board.
(2) In addition to the information required by this section, the county fiscal authorities may require the county board to provide details to the service areas and activities levels in the account structure within the "Financial Reporting Manual for Maryland Public Schools".
(3) With the annual budget, each county board shall provide:
(i) The number of full-time equivalent positions included within each major category; and
(ii) A description of any fund balances or other moneys held by any outside source, including an insurer, that are undesignated or unreserved and are under the direction and control of the county board.
(b) Categories. -- The budget shall be prepared to include the following categories
(1) Current expense fund, estimated receipts:
(i) Revenue from local sources;
(ii) Revenue from State sources;
(iii) Revenue from federal sources;
(iv) Unliquidated surplus, the actual from the previous fiscal year and the estimated from the current fiscal year, whether accrued from revenues or expenditures; and
(v) Revenue from all other sources with identification of the source.
(2) Current expense fund, requested appropriations:
(i) Administration, which means those activities associated with the general regulations, direction, and control of the county board, including:
1. Executive administration;
2. Business support services; and
3. Centralized support services;
(ii) Mid-level administration, including:
1. The office of the school principal; and
2. Staff providing administration and supervision to the school instructional programs;
(iii) Instructional salaries, which means those activities which deal directly with teaching students, including:
3. Psychological personnel;
4. Guidance counselors; and
5. Library personnel;
(iv) Textbooks and classroom instructional supplies;
(v) Other instructional costs;
(vi) Special education with subcategories and items budgeted in this category to be determined by the State Board with the advice of the county board;
(vii) Student personnel services;
(viii) Health services;
(ix) Student transportation;
(x) Operation of plant and equipment;
(xi) Maintenance of plant;
(xii) Fixed charges;
(xiii) Food services; and
(xiv) Capital outlay.
Tuesday, March 27, 2012
He remarked frequently about folks putting the accent on the wrong syl-la-ble, emphasizing the "la". it was his way of saying you failed to capture what is important.
In this morning's Washington Post, Paul Farhi wrote about an incident at Bethesda Chevy Chase High School, where the school newspaper was pulled because of concern over an article about a reporter who did a story on drinking among high school kids. You can find the article here. Story from the Post? The reporter on the original series about underage drinking at the school raised a concern about a story in the school newspaper, and the principal pulled the student paper. Takeaway from the Post? A reporter's concern about a story triggered an act of censorship by the principal.
Hate to say it, Mr. Farhi, but you got the story wrong.
Responsibility for the action lies squarely with the principal, Karen Lockard, and not the reporter.
Why the principal?
The time to set the standards and review the print edition of the paper is prior to publication. Once a story is in print or online, calling it back is like putting a cloud in a box. Can't be done.
And, the story misses the point completely. The real issue and message that needs to be sent to the students concerns drinking and other illegal behaviors.
The meat of the story is underage drinking. It's wrong, and dangerous.
Pointing fingers at the reporter and the side story of her concern about the content of the student newspaper is tangential to the issue of student behaviors at BCC. Its blaming the messenger for delivering the message.
And what about the drinking and other undesirable behaviors at BCC? The problems remain.
Or, to quote Mr. Fredericks, faculty advisor to the Francis Lewis HS Patriot, you're putting the accent on the wrong syl-la-ble.
For several years without success, I’ve been asking the principal of the Montgomery County high school closest to me to give students community service credits for picking up the trash left along our roads by kids who don’t seem to get the negative impact that dropped soda cans, plastic bags and plastic foam containers from fast-food stores — much less assorted school papers — have on our environment.
About 500 high school students walk past my community several times a day on their way to and from school, the nearby shopping center and their homes. It’s hard to believe the amount of litter that they generate and that their neighbors have to pick up.
To read the whole letter in the Post, CLICK HERE.P.C., Silver Spring
For more on this issue, read the Gazette article.
A public hearing had already been held on the original bill as written. There is no public hearing scheduled for the new version of Bill 596.
The new version of Bill 596 was introduced and voted on at a House Ways and Means Committee meeting without ever having been released to the public.
What is fascinating about this is that when HB 596 was introduced in its original version, almost 600 citizens from across the state of Maryland signed a Petition opposing the changes. Delegates in Annapolis knew that at a minimum there were almost 600 people that cared about potential changes to this law.
Yet, when the Ways and Means Committee met and voted on March 23rd, none of the 22 Delegates listed on the voting record below apparently felt the need to release the new version of the Bill to the public prior to their vote.
If you click on the Fiscal and Policy Note for this bill, you will see that even that information relates to the original version of the bill and not the new version. A member of the public reading the HB 596 webpage would be justifiably confused.
And HB 596 isn't through the entire legislature yet. What other changes are in store for this Bill as it zips through the legislature before this year's legislative session ends on April 9th?
Do citizens have the right to know what legislators in Annapolis are voting on in advance, or should we all just wait and be surprised?
Delegates who voted without consulting parents/constiuents
Monday, March 26, 2012
The House of Delegates on Saturday gave an initial nod to Gov. Martin O'Malley's proposed policy governing public-private partnerships on big projects like roads and public buildings, but some lawmakers heatedly objected to a new provision ensuring speedy legal proceedings for participants in such a partnership.
The change would allow legal appeals to be heard on an expedited track before the Court of Special Appeals, the state's intermediate appellate court. It was not part of the initial proposal by the O'Malley administration, but was added by a House panel.
Delegate Luiz Simmons, D-Montgomery, argued that the provision could confer special legal benefits on a "special group of fat cats.”
“In my opinion, what we are about to do is to become legislators in a banana republic, where they routinely interfere with the judicial process on behalf of special friends and special interests, and we are not covering ourselves in honor by doing this,” Simmons said.
To read the entire article go here. To thank Del. Simmons (D-District 17) go to email@example.com. Or, call 301-858-3037 or 1-800-492-7122 ext. 3037 (toll-free no.)
Sunday, March 25, 2012
From the Washington Post. The vote is tomorrow. Didn't know about this one either? Gee whiz. Isn't that YOUR delegate smiling in the photo at left?
Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley has joined a little-noticed wave of Democratic governors gravitating toward the privatization of government facilities — a practice once anathema to blue states and their often-powerful public employee unions.
A bill proposed by O’Malley and being shepherded through the legislature by Lt. Gov. Anthony G. Brown (D) follows laws approved recently in California and Illinois and under consideration in a half-dozen other Democratic-controlled states. In the name of job creation, it would make it Maryland’s policy to seek out private partners to build, operate and maintain roads, bridges, schools, government buildings and most any other public asset.
But Maryland’s methods would make the process ripe for corruption, critics say, and even upend an existing lawsuit challenging one of the state’s biggest plans.
To appease labor, the shift would come in a distinctly Democratic mold. Under legislation expected to come to a vote Monday in the House of Delegates, any jobs generated as the state hands off public assets would carry requirements that private enterprises pay living wages, ensure minority business involvement and put in place other labor-friendly protections.
The bill would give the state broad powers to negotiate deals outside the established procurement system and to decide how taxpayer money would be sent to developers to pay for large, upfront investments.
“It would let state agencies circumvent competitive bidding altogether simply by having a government official designate a project as a ‘public-private partnership,’ ” said Scott Livingston, a lawyer who helped write Maryland’s procurement laws after a series of corruption scandals — including one that led to the 1973 resignation of Vice President Spiro T. Agnew (R), a former Maryland governor. “This is a dangerous retreat from established safeguards.”
To read the whole story go here. Don't like what you're hearing? That's ok, elections are only two years away.
Dates: Monday, 26 March 2012 - 6:15pm - 8:00pm
League of Women Voters of Montgomery County, Maryland
According to a report on the investigation, here,
"Mayland is the only state in the country that requires an in-person visit to the state capitol to request and view financial disclosure information.
Ed Bender, executive director of the National Institute on Money in State Politics, said that governments may seem transparent by making information available, but it is not always presented in a useable or digestible format. He said trying to compare data within a state -- say, linking campaign donations to state contracts -- can be nearly impossible, and is a huge barrier to transparency.
"It's disingenous, hiding in plain sight," Bender said. "Governments say, 'here it is,' but they don't tell the story."
Maryland unveiled a series of date-centric government performance measurement and spending websites - like StateStat to track spending of stimulus finds - which Governor Martin O'Malley hailed as the "foundation for restoring accountability and for driving our progress." But the state's poor ranking on public access to information -- it came in 46th -- would suggest otherwise.
"They're selective on what they share, how they share it, and who they share it with," said Greg Smith of the nonprofit group Community Research, who said poring through the state's spending databases can be a headache.
Tell us something we don't know.
Saturday, March 24, 2012
After over 500 parents and activists across the state of Maryland signed a Petition in opposition to HB 596, here is what Delegate Kaiser wrote in a Feb. 27th letter:
"I am amending my own legislation to retain the 5 business day standard, but to disallow IEP meetings in the first 3 days following a long holiday break."But that didn't happen.
The proposed changes to HB 596 were not made public prior to the March 8th public hearing.
And so, on March 8, 2012 a public hearing was held on HB 596 as written.
At the March 8th public hearing the Maryland State Education Association (MSEA - the state teacher's union) gave public comment in support of HB 596 as originally proposed. See PDF below.
Further, MSEA reported to their members in their March 9th newsletter:
Five-Day Rule Update The House Ways and Means committee heard House Bill 596, legislation to address the five-day rule that governs the timeline considerations of delivering materials to parents in advance of IEP meetings. MSEA testified in support of the legislation and to amendments offered by the bill sponsor, Delegate Anne Kaiser. The Kaiser amendments intend to provide flexibility in how parents will receive the documents in advance of the meeting, ensure that the word “accessible” is defined, and define what the “extenuating circumstances” provision of the current law is meant to allow.Parents? Of course, they didn't show up at the March 8th public hearing because they had been told that HB 596 was not going forward as originally written. Parents were told that the 5 business day rule on document production was not being altered.
MSEA will continue to work with Delegate Kaiser to bring common sense to the law and ensure balance is achieved between parents’ needs and educators’ workloads. Stay tuned and help us push for these important changes by emailing your legislators and asking them to fix the five-day rule.
Cool move to keep parents from showing up at a public hearing, while allowing the union representatives to proceed with their advocacy unopposed. The legislative session history will show that this legislation had support at the public hearing, but not that it had substantial opposition.
HB 596 Public Comment
14625 Bauer Drive
18905 Kingsview Road
Germantown, MD 20874
14906 Old Columbia Pike
Burtonsville, MD 20866
101 Monroe Street
Rockville, MD 20850
8525 Fenton Street
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Residents who say Montgomery County’s government denied them public documents about the Brickyard tract in Potomac have filed a complaint demanding the county hand over the information.
Aimed at compelling the county to produce the information and refund the money paid so far for some documents provided in response to its November 2011 public information request, three nonprofit citizens' organizations filed a lawsuit in Montgomery County Circuit Court earlier this month, claiming that county executive leadership "willfully and wrongfully withheld" the information, by declaring the some documents as privileged.
Plaintiffs in the case are the West Montgomery County Citizen' Association, Inc., Civic Association of River Falls, Inc. and Brickyard Coalition Inc., according to court documents...
Since 1968, the U.S. Department of Education’s Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has gathered data from schools to ensure equal educational opportunity for all children in public schools. A variety of information, including enrollment, educational programs and services, is reported by the schools, and all data are disaggregated by race/ethnicity, sex, limited English proficiency, and disability. This year, for the first time ever, the CRDC included information on harassment and bullying.
AAUW analyzed data from the online 2009–10 CRDC by using a search tool for the largest 20 school districts based on student population and selecting three data categories for each district: allegations of bullying and harassment on the basis of sex, incidents of discipline for harassment or bullying on basis of sex, and students reported to have been harassed or bullied on basis of sex.
The results of the AAUW analysis are shown in this table.
Friday, March 23, 2012
And if he works for MCPS, why is he selling MCPS documents on the side for $15 (plus shipping and handling)?
The 2012 Summit also features presentations on school process improvements made by Dr. Brian Marchman, the Florida Virtual School; and Dr. Michael Perich, Montgomery County Public Schools. Both of these professionals have implemented organizational improvement strategies to identify and validate leading indicators for student learning outcomes.